ILICO: French seashore and coastal research infrastructure
Type of entity Infrastructure
Main activity The French seashore and coastal research infrastructure ILICO (Infrastructure de Recherche Littorale et Côtière) was established in 2016 with the support of Ministry of Higher Education, Research and Innovation. ILICO is a notable example of national infrastructure and interinstitutional efforts to observe and understand coastal and ocean environments and ecosystems as a whole. ILICO brings together observation mechanisms involving the collection of samples and the deployment of various measuring instruments. Long-term monitoring allows for the understanding and prediction of large-scale coastal processes and phenomena which can impact on coastal and littoral zones (for example quantifying the impact of specific extreme or intermittent events such as tsunamis or cyclones).
This research infrastructure aims to:
- Ensure that observations in littoral and coastal environments respond to issues in society and associated scientific questions,
- Gather and coordinate a multidisciplinary network of observatories for littoral and coastal environments,
- Guarantee the interoperability and quality of observations conducted under different observation systems.

ILICO brings together physical, biogeochemical and biological observation networks (known as elementary networks). In 2018 there are 8 of these:
1. Coastlines and coastal morphological dynamics (DYNALIT)
2. Seawater level (SONEL)
3. Mediterranean Ocean Observing System for the Environment (MOOSE)
4. Physicochemical developments in coastal waters (SOMLIT)
5. Developments in tropical coral ecosystems (CORAIL)
6. Insular Pacific Coastal Waters Network (REEFTEMPS)
7. High-frequency physical and chemical parameters (COAST HF)
8. Microphytoplankton (PHYTOBS)
ILICO is jointly coordinated by CNRS and Ifremer, other bodies involved in its governance are the network of marine universities, IRD, SHOM, IGN, CEREMA, and BRGM.
The data collected through ILICO networks will be integrated in a dedicated ocean database portal called ODATIS.
Some components of ILICO are part of the H2020 project JERICO-NEXT, which helps harmonise research infrastructures for coastal observations in Europe.
-> What is an elementary network? Derived from the own terminology of the research infrastructure, the term ?elementary network? designates a national observation service labeled, or in the process of being labeled, whose observations relate to coastal and / or coastal environments and which has been integrated at ILICO.
Keywords Research Infrastructure, Observation, Network, Coast, Ocean, Littoral
Labels Recognised French National Research Infrastructure (IR)
Website MESRI
Related entities
Elementary network - COAST HF
Elementary network - DYNALIT

On-demand access to data
Others - specific to the elementary networks
Owned/operated by
Website The National Center for Scientific Research
Location and contact
Send an e-mail
Adress Place Copernic
Address line 2 IUEM et Ifremer, site du Technopôle Brest-Iroise
Zip code/Postcode 29280
Town/city PLOUZANÉ
On-demand access to data
Concerned publics All
Terms of access Open access
Access url
Movable ? yes no
Description See data access procedures for each elementary network - website. See terms for each ILICO network.
Others - specific to the elementary networks
Concerned publics All
Terms of access Open access
Access url
Movable ? yes no
Description Description of the additional services to be found on the CMM file for each network, or on their respective websites. See terms for each ILICO network.
Category Coastal
Scientific disciplines Marine geosciences / Geology / Sedimentology / Seismology
Marine biochemistry / Marine biogeochemistry / Marine chemistry
Biological oceanography
Strategic areas of action Environmental and coastal planning and development
Marine biological resources
Examples of work Cocquempot L, Delacourt C, Paillet J, Riou P, Aucan J, Castelle B, Charria G, Claudet J, Conan P, Coppola L, Hocdé R, Planes S, Raimbault P, Savoye N, Testut L and Vuillemin R (2019) Coastal Ocean and Nearshore Observation: A French Case Study. Front. Mar. Sci. 6:324
URL works
Owned/operated by
A pioneer in ocean science, IFREMER's cutting-edge research is grounded in sustainable development and open science.His vision is to advance science, expertise and innovation to protect and restore the ocean, sustainably use marine resources to benefit societ, create and share ocean data, information & knowledge.
With more than 1,500 personnel spread along the French coastline in more than 20 sites, the institute explores the 3 great oceans: the Indian, Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
Founded in 1984, IFREMER is a French public organization and its budget approximates 240 million euros. It is operating under the joint authority of the French Ministry for Higher Education, Research and Innovation, the French Ministry for the Ecological and Solidary Transition, and the French Ministry of Agriculture and Food.
Website The National Center for Scientific Research
The National Center for Scientific Research
Legal Notice | Contact | ©Azimut | Creator of digital solutions